The two major groups of minerals

Minerals constitute one of two major classes of biologically critical micronutrients required for normal health and development of humans. The other class are the vitamins.

The two major groups of minerals

Minerals, which are inorganic compounds that come from soil, are one of these groups of nutrients. There are 16 total minerals, which are divided into two groups, major minerals and trace minerals, based on how much you need each day.

Both groups of minerals are equally important for your health, you just need to eat more of the major minerals to give your body what it needs. The Major Minerals The major minerals, also sometimes referred to as macrominerals, include calcium, sodium, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, chloride and sulfur.

Although specific amounts differ, in general you need to take in more than milligrams of each mineral. While some of the major minerals have their own independent functions, many of them work together to keep you healthy. Calcium and phosphorus keep your bones and teeth healthy, while sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium all work together to make sure your nerves can transmit signals properly.

Sulfur helps build protein molecules. Major Minerals as Electrolytes Most of the major minerals, specifically sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, chloride and phosphorus, are also classified as electrolytes, or chemicals that conduct electricity when mixed with water.


The electricity created when electrolytes move in and out of your cells helps keep your body hydrated, ensures your nerves and muscles are functioning properly, balances pH in the blood, keeps blood pressure normal and helps repair damaged tissues. An electrolyte imbalance can cause a wide variety of symptoms, including fatigue, moodiness, nausea, muscle cramps and weakness, increased thirst, confusion, irregular heartbeat, stomach pain, loss of appetite and constipation.

The Trace Minerals The trace minerals, otherwise known as microminerals, include iron, selenium, manganese, copper, iodine, zinc, cobalt, molybdenum and fluoride. All the trace minerals are grouped together because you need less than milligrams of each every day.

Iron is a major component of your red blood cells and helps carry oxygen throughout your entire body. Copper, manganese, molybdenum and zinc are components of many enzymes, which are needed for every chemical reaction in your body.

Zinc also plays important roles in wound healing, ability to taste and sperm production.

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Selenium acts as an antioxidant and works alongside iodine to keep your thyroid healthy. Chromium helps keep your blood sugar levels normal, while fluoride keeps bones and teeth strong. Getting Enough in Your Diet Although most multivitamin supplements contain all of the minerals you need, natural forms of nutrients are always best; and most people can get all the minerals they need by eating a varied diet.

Both major and trace minerals are found in all kinds of foods, from fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds to whole grains to meats and milk. Instead of eating the same foods every day, vary your food choices and include lots of different types of foods.THE FOOD GROUPS.

The food groups are divided based on the nutritional properties they offer. Foods that animals eat can be classified based on the amount of nutrients and the type of nutrients they provide for subsistence and survival. MINERALS IN IGNEOUS ROCKS.

Regardless of their texture, igneous rocks commonly contain only a fairly small suite of silicate minerals, and very few non-silicates.

The two major groups of minerals

These two elements combine to form the most common mineral group, the silicates, accounting for more than 90 percent of the earth's lesson will describe the major silicate minerals.

Minerals are classified according to chemical composition. There are seven major chemical groups. There are also several minor groups.

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These include: the sulfosalts, nitrates, borates, tungstates and molybdates, and the . The two main groups of minerals are the silicates, which are formed from oxygen and silicone, and the non-silicates, which are not composed of silicone and oxygen.

Silicate minerals are the largest class of minerals, while non-silicate minerals vary greatly with regard to structure and composition. Plan, direct, or coordinate one or more administrative services of an organization, such as records and information management, mail distribution, facilities planning and maintenance, custodial operations, and other office support services.

The two major groups of minerals
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