Spies during world war ii

On the outbreak of the Winter War between Finland and the Soviet Union in NovemberSweden declared itself to be " non-belligerent " in regard to this particular conflict, actively siding with Finland. This allowed Sweden to aid Finland economically, and with armaments. It was, however, subject to British and German Naval blockades and accidental bombings from the Soviets on some cities e. When Germany invaded Denmark and Norway in Aprilcoupled with a German blockade of the North Seaevery single shipment had to be negotiated with both British and German authorities, which drastically reduced the volume of trade.

Spies during world war ii

The women who volunteered to be spies and came to the Office of Strategic Services OSS unit attached to the 36th Infantry Division—with which I was serving in the Vosges Spies during world war ii of France in the fall of —had plenty of courage.

The experiences of the SSS detachment working with the 36th Division comprised two very different phases—the period prior to the crossing of the Moselle River on September 21 and the period of the advance from the Moselle to the Meurthe River. After the 36th Division crossed the Moselle, the fluidity of the front decreased.

Opposition became increasingly fierce as the division approached the Meurthe River in the Vosges region, and the relatively stationary German front became harder to penetrate. There are no hard-and-fast rules of procedure for securing intelligence by infiltration through enemy lines.

Recruiting, briefing and infiltration must be adapted to the peculiarities of the existing situation. Most of the agents our detachment used were locally recruited for specific missions in the region that the 36th Division was operating in at the time.

France was rich in courageous men and women whose hatred of the enemy made no risk insurmountable to them. Women were found to be valuable for short-range intelligence work.

How a Spy’s Marital Troubles Nearly Derailed D-Day

They attracted less suspicion in enemy territory than men, and although they usually lacked the necessary background for reporting technical data, they were often able to extract otherwise-unavailable knowledge of German military intentions from enemy officers.

For several days after the 36th Division crossed the Moselle in late September, the 3rd Division, operating south of the 36th, lagged behind and had not yet reached the river.

The division needed information on German plans, but our recent experience with agents had not been good. On October 1, it was decided to put two year-old women, Odette and Simone, who came from the FFI at Epinal, into enemy territory, placing them as close as possible to the town of Granges sur Valonne.

They were remarkably good spies. One had been helping the Maquis resistance fighters for two years, and the other had been in the intelligence game for six months. I took them to Tendon by jeep, but there was a roadblock yards beyond the town, on the road toward Le Thuly.

I turned back, and though there was scarcely a minute during the trip when we could not hear the sound of cannons and small-arms fire, we reached St. There I found the nearest American outpost.

Top five female spies of World War II

There were infantry patrols in the hills to the right and left of the town. No Americans had yet gone down the road to Houx. Nobody knew for sure if there were Germans in the town or not, but it was assumed that there were.

I proceeded down the road to Houx with Odette and Simone; we went to within yards of the town, where I could see it. There the road turned and was under observation by Germans on the many hills beyond the town.

I left Odette and Simone there and returned to our lines. Their instructions were to infiltrate the German lines and return to Lepanges that night.

Only Simone returned to our lines that night. Apparently the two women found just seven Germans in Houx. They were all enlisted men who wanted to surrender when they were told that the Americans were coming.

They surrendered to the two women, who took their weapons, locked the arms in a separate room, and put the Germans in a cellar.

Vatican Spies World War II, Nov 19 | Video | initiativeblog.com

Odette stayed there with the men, and Simone returned to our lines to get someone to come out and take the prisoners. The next morning, I made several attempts to enter the town, but I was stopped by machine-gun and rifle fire each time.

Finally, traveling by jeep and then on foot, a lieutenant from a cannon company and I reached the ghostlike town. We heard a telephone bell ringing in a house across the street. It proved to be a small store, and I dashed in. In the semi-darkness I called out and saw a door start to move.

I turned, carbine at the ready, and saw a woman coming out of the cellar. I asked her if there was a Mademoiselle Odette who had come yesterday.

Other shadows in the dark turned out to be the seven prisoners and most of the local population, who had taken refuge from shell fire in the cellar during the preceding night and that morning. I turned the prisoners over to the lieutenant also leaving him with the problem of handling an old man who had gone stark raving mad during the night and thought he was Louis XIV and took Odette back to St.

Odette and Simone were both ready to try again. They successfully completed a mission to secure fresh, accurate and immediate intelligence on the area near Docelles. The difficult short-range mission was accomplished with promptness and skill.

As we passed through the villages in that region, we saw desolation beyond description.These six women represent a mere sliver of the women who spied in World War II, and only those who spied for the U.K. Far more worked on both sides of the war, for . World War II wasn’t just about field and air operations, but also included espionage and other operations behind enemy lines.

Espionage and intelligence played a vital role in the outcome of many of the war. World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a conflict that took place between and that involved all the world’s major countries.

In and around Washington, DC, an innovative new spy agency known as the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) took over national park sites to set up a first-of-its-kind spy school.

Thousands of German Enemy Prisoners of War (EPWs) were housed in camps throughout the United States often within plain view of American civilians. OSS - United States - The OSS (Office of Strategic Services) was the U.S.

Spies during world war ii

intelligence agency during World War II. The OSS recruited and trained a number of Austrians and Germans to become spies during the war including the spy Fritz Kolbe who provided details of the German defense prior to D-Day and information on the German rocket programs.

Sep 05,  · Hell hath no fury like a woman scorned. The Germans would have done well to take note of William Congreve’s writings during World War II. While the efforts of men in war have been well highlighted, we often forget that women played just as large a role in ensuring victory.

World War II: Women Spies of the OSS | HistoryNet