Pakistan in 2025 essay writer

However, this decreased with help from the International Monetary Fund and significant debt-relief from the United States. The first people in Ancient Pakistan lived years ago. These people were the ones who made up the Indus Valley Civilization[22] which is one of the oldest civilizations on Earth. After that, the Vedic period came.

Pakistan in 2025 essay writer

AN effective public service has remained key to the achievement of national economic and social goals across the world. A capable and motivated bureaucracy has played an instrumental role in economic growth and overall prosperity in many countries. One of the best known examples is Britain which became a dominant economy in the 18th century, especially militarily, in large part due to a competent and efficient public administration that was able to raise taxes.

The UN Sustainable Development Goals SDGs recognise the important role that state institutions need to play in achieving these goals, notably through Goal 16 which focuses especially on building institutions that are accountable, inclusive and characterised by representative decision-making.

This need for efficient service delivery is greater for developing countries that face issues of poverty, inequality, hunger, limited access to quality education and health services, lack of clean drinking water and sanitation facilities, and other issues that the SDGs aim to address.

pakistan in 2025 essay writer

The state cannot resolve these development challenges without an effective civil service, which, in turn, cannot perform its functions in a manner that helps meet the SDGs, without continuous reform.

The increasing demand for service delivery and accountability calls for realigning public administration with the broader goals of development.

Effective civil service is characterised by good governance which means sound policymaking, efficient service delivery, and accountability and responsibility in public resource utilisation.

The reforms were largely motivated by short-term priorities and failed to address critical issues of accountability, meritocracy, capacity and competency.

Development goals depend on reform. The good news is that public administration reform has been on the agenda of successive governments in one form or another.

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The Pakistan Vision also prioritises civil service reform as a key objective, and the Ministry of Planning, Development and Reforms is spearheading a process focusing on specialisation and professionalism, outcome-based performance evaluation and meritocracy in appointments.

Like other countries, past civil service reform in Pakistan emphasised issues concerning salaries, benefits and other financial incentives. There is ample research within and outside Pakistan suggesting that financial incentives do improve performance depending on context.

However, there is also substantial evidence to suggest that many people still join the public service on the basis of intrinsic motivation — for example, a feeling of pride and nationalism. Non-financial incentives are required to reward and support intrinsic motivation like best employee awards, empowering good performers though increased delegation, etc.

Public-sector reform should go beyond incentives, eg organisations play a key role in attracting and retaining talent. This is not something usually addressed in reform initiatives. The National Highway and Motorway Police is a case in point; besides the provision of incentives and using a merit-based system for recruitment, the Motorway Police created and sustained an organisational culture that motivates its staff to high performance.

While higher wages can attract skilled people, a congenial and enabling organisational culture is needed to drive performance. Reform is a continuous process and should not be treated as a one-time effort. The success of reform processes requires multi-stakeholder engagement and a holistic and evolutionary approach.

Change in countries that have gone through major reform and whose public administrations are considered efficient, was championed at the senior-most levels of political offices and sustained over long periods of time.

Singapore and Malaysia are good examples.

In this article the writer talks about polio situation in Pakistan. He says that there were cases in whole world from 1st jan to july 15 and 94 out them were from Pakistan. Which is a serious issue but if we look in the past there were only 21 cases in Pakistan out of The writer is UNDP country director in Pakistan. The Pakistan Vision also prioritises civil service reform as a key objective, and the Ministry of Planning, Development and Reforms is. Pakistan’s demographic trends show that between till , the population aged 60+ years increased by %. It is projected that the life expectancy will increase to 72 years by WHO report () projected that % of Pakistan’s population was over 60 years of age, with a probability of doubling to 11 % by the year

Around the world, efficient public administration and bureaucracy have been characterised by factors such as meritocratic recruitment and predictable career ladders which provide long-term tangible and intangible rewards.

Max Weber, the German sociologist, in his work in the early 20th century, argued for the fundamental value of bureaucracy as one of the institutional foundations of capitalist growth.• The Islamic Republic of Pakistan covers an area in South Asia of , square miles, about twice the size of California.

The country borders India in the east, China in the north, Afghanistan in the north-west, Iran in the west and the Arabian Sea in the south. Dec 18,  · View and download pakistan essays examples. Also discover topics, titles, outlines, thesis statements, and conclusions for your pakistan essay.

The writer is UNDP country director in Pakistan. The Pakistan Vision also prioritises civil service reform as a key objective, and the Ministry of Planning, Development and Reforms is.

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