Oral traditions of islam

History Ultimately, we are all Africans. Studies of mitochondrial DNA have proven that all human beings are descended from a small population less than a hundred individuals that emerged from Africa about 60, years ago.

Oral traditions of islam

Shahadah also spelled Shahadaor Profession of Faith The most important duty of every Muslim in Islamic tradition is the recitation of the creed, or profession of faith, in one version or another: To be a member of a given tribe, one had to be born into the tribe or, less likely, to marry into the tribe.

To become a member of the Islamic ummah also spelled ummaor community, one had only to make the declaration of faith.

Therefore, this was a momentously consequential end-run around old strictures of power and convention, immediately giving Muhammad, in particular, and Muslims in general, a means of increasing their numbers and powers rapidly, while shattering old expectations and discriminations.

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Every Muslim is expected to pray five times a day, always facing Mecca wherever they are in the world. This is done by prostrating either herself or himself in utter humility. This was not always the case.

This was to be done twice a day, then later, three times a day. When Muhammad decreed the switch to Mecca, following one of his "revelations," he also decreed the five-times-a-day requirement.

It is reported, however, that this was done reluctantly as even Muhammad thought the requirement excessive.

Oral traditions of islam

Ibn Ishaq, the 7th century Muslim historian and collector of oral traditions about Muhammad that sourced his first biography, tells the story of Muhammad bargaining with ALLAH on the number of times Muslims should be required to pray. On his way Oral traditions of islam from the throne in Paradise HeavenMuhammad encountered Moses, who suggested to Muhammad to go back to God and get the number lowered.

Muhammad did so, again and again, until the requirement was reduced to five. Muhammad still thought the number too high, but by then, he was too ashamed to return to God to ask for one more reduction. So, it would be five. Unlike Jesus Christ, Mohammed never condemned either wealth or possessions of this world.

He himself had become rather wealthy, working for Khadija, the wealthy merchant-trader who would become his first wife.

Oral Tradition Journal

Muhammad always respected industriousness, and never required individuals to give away their possessions. To counter the impulse, he required Muslims always to set aside a portion of their wealth for the poor-a self-imposed tax on income.

During the odd days of Ramadan, Muslims are required to fast during daylight hours, neither food nor drink nor smoke, and abstain from sexual pleasures. Like other Islam traditions, fasting in Islam has its origins in Judaism and Christianity.

The focus is on humility, spiritual oneness with God and social oneness with the ummah, or Islamic community, across the globe. Ramadan is when Muslims fast mostly the month when Muhammad receive his initial revelation ; although, they may voluntarily fast the rest of the year.

They may fast three days a month, or six days during the month of Sawwal the 10th lunar monthwhich follows the month of Ramadan. They may fast on Mondays and Thursdays, also.

Each of these proscriptions is recognized in Islam. The purpose of fasting is to make one think, and teaches self-discipline.

Oral traditions of islam

Fasting sensitizes compassion -- only those who have been hungry can know what hunger means. Hajj is the pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia, which every adult Muslim, men and women, is expected to make at least once in his or her lifetime.

The hajj is incumbent on every Muslim who is physically and financially able to make the pilgrimage, but only if his absence will not place hardships on his family. A person may perform the hajj by proxy, appointing a relative or friend going on the pilgrimage to "stand in" for him or her.

The hajj is the fifth of the fundamental Muslim practices and institutions known as the Five Pillars of Islam. At the beginning of a pilgrimage the major pilgrimage, Hajj, or the minor pilgrimage, Umraha pilgrim must enter into state of, or the spirit of, Ihram before crossing the pilgrimage boundary, known as Miqat, by performing the cleansing rituals and wearing the prescribed attire.

This is traditionally a visit to a place of some religious or historic significance, and a considerable distance is often traveled. A Miqat meaning, "a stated place" is a designated station.

Five of these stations were set up by Muhammad, a sixth being added later for the convenience of travelers from India and points further east. The stations are as follows: Rabigh also called Al-Juhfahfor pilgrims coming from Syria, or for people coming from the direction of Syria.

This miqat is about miles to the northwest of Mecca. Qarn Al-Manazel, for those coming from the direction of Najd also called Nejd meaning, "highland" which is the central region of the Arabian Peninsula. This miqat is a hilly place about 55 miles to the east of Mecca.Among some scholars of Sunni Islam, the term hadith may include not only the words, advice, practices, etc.

of Muhammad, but also those of his companions. In Shia Islam, Ḥadīth is the embodiment of the sunnah, the words and actions of the Prophet and his family the Ahl al-Bayt (The Twelve Imams and the Prophet's daughter, Fatimah).

West and Central Africa. The West African area is important because this is where the majority of slaves departed for the New World.

The influence of oral traditions on modern writers

Hence large elements of West African, particularly Yoruba, religion (blended with Catholicism) can be found in religions such as Vodun (also known as Voodoo) (Haiti), Candomblè (Brazil) and Santeria (Carribean). The Hadith, in Islam, is second in authority only to the Qur'an.

The Hadith is a record of the prophet Mohammed's life, actions, and deeds. A saying in the Hadith is called a . The history of the continent from an African perspective.

With hundreds of pages, and multi-media, the BBC investigates the events and characters that have made African history from the origins of. Muhammad and Idolatry. Sam Shamoun. One thing that sticks out in Islam is that most of the rites and practices adopted into the religion are actually pagan customs that Muhammad claimed were sanctioned by God.

In fact, we find that Muhammad before, during, and after his mission continued to perform rites that from a biblical perspective are nothing more than idolatry. The Key Islamic Traditions for the basis for most of the religious practices of Islam.

the 7th century Muslim historian and collector of oral traditions about Muhammad that sourced his first biography, tells the story of Muhammad bargaining with ALLAH on the number of times Muslims should be required to pray.

Like other Islam traditions.

Key Islamic Traditions: Major Religions of the World