Since July 18,the deal lifts a three-decade U.
Mark Twain visited India in  and described it in his travelogue Following the Equator with both revulsion and attraction before concluding that India was the only foreign land he dreamed about or longed to see again. In the s and early s the United States gave very strong support to the Indian independence movement in defiance of the British Empire.
Tens of thousands of American servicemen arrived, bringing all sorts of advanced technology, and money; they left in Serious tension erupted over American demands, led by President Franklin D. Rooseveltthat India be given independence, a proposition Prime Minister Winston Churchill vehemently rejected.
The American position was based on principled opposition to colonialism, practical concern for the outcome of the war, and the expectation of a large American role in a post-colonial era.
However, in when the Indian National Congress launched a Quit India movement, the British authorities immediately arrested tens of thousands of activists. Meanwhile, India became the main American staging base for aid to China. Churchill threatened to resign if Roosevelt pushed too hard, so Roosevelt backed down.
America under the Truman administration leaned towards favouring India in the late s as a consequence of most U.
Grady told then Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru that the United States did not consider India us relations to be an acceptable position.
Grady told the State Department in December that he had informed Nehru "that this is a question that cannot be straddled and that India should get on the democratic side immediately.
His tour of the US was "an undiplomatic disaster" that left bad feelings on both sides. India tried to act as a broker to help end that war, and served as a conduit for diplomatic messages between the US and China.
Meanwhile, poor harvests forced India to ask for American aid for its food security, which was given starting in The Soviet Union provided about half as much in monetary terms, however made much larger contributions in kind, taking the form of infrastructural aid, soft loans, technical knowledge transfer, economic planning and skills involved in the areas of steel millsmachine buildinghydro-electric power and other heavy industries especially nuclear energy and space research.
InDwight D. Eisenhower was the first US President to visit India to strengthen the staggering ties between the two nations. He was so supportive that the New York Times remarked, "It did not seem to matter much whether Nehru had actually requested or been given a guarantee that the US would help India to meet further Chinese Communist aggression.
What mattered was the obvious strengthening of Indian—American friendship to a point where no such guarantee was necessary.
Kennedy, Vice-President Lyndon B. Kennedy said, "Chinese Communists have been moving ahead the last 10 years. Defense Secretary Robert McNamara and General Maxwell Taylor advised the president to use nuclear weapons should the Americans intervene in such a situation.
Kennedy insisted that Washington defend India as it would any ally, saying, "We should defend India, and therefore we will defend India. As an economist, he also presided over the at the time largest US foreign aid program to any country.
Following the assassination of Kennedy inIndo-US relations deteriorated gradually. Richard Nixon shifted away from the neutral stance which his predecessors had taken towards Indo-Pakistani hostilities. He established a very close relationship with Pakistan, aiding it militarily and economically, as India, now under the leadership of Indira Gandhiwas seen as leaning towards the Soviet Union.
He considered Pakistan as a very important ally to counter Soviet influence in the Indian subcontinent and establish ties with China, with whom Pakistan was very close.
Later inIndia conducted its first nuclear test, Smiling Buddhawhich was opposed by the US, however it also concluded that the test did not violate any agreement and proceeded with a June shipment of enriched uranium for the Tarapur reactor. The Reagan Administration provided limited assistance to India.
India sounded out Washington on the purchase of a range of US defence technology, including F-5 aircraft, super computers, night vision goggles and radars.
There were also unpublicised transfers of technology, including the engagement of a US company, Continental Electronics, to design and build a new VLF communications station at Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu, which was commissioned in the late s.
The United States strongly condemned this testing, promised sanctions, and voted in favour of a United Nations Security Council Resolution condemning the tests. President Bill Clinton imposed economic sanctions on India, including cutting off all military and economic aid, freezing loans by American banks to state-owned Indian companies, prohibiting loans to the Indian government for all except food purchases, prohibiting American aerospace technology and uranium exports to India, and requiring the US to oppose all loan requests by India to international lending agencies.
Only Japan joined the US in imposing direct sanctions, while most other nations continued to trade with India. The sanctions were soon lifted.
Afterward, the Clinton administration and Prime Minister Vajpayee exchanged representatives to help rebuild relations. India emerged in the 21st century as increasingly vital to core US foreign policy interests.
India, a dominant actor in its region, and the home of more than one billion citizens, is now often characterised as a nascent Great Power and an "indispensable partner" of the US, one that many analysts view as a potential counterweight to the growing clout of China.
In MarchU.Oct 10, · Get latest & exclusive India Us Relations news updates & stories. Explore photos & videos on India Us Relations. Also get news from India and .
The United States tries to manage a troublesome and troubled former ally, which is important as much for its destructive and disruptive potential as for its positive accomplishments, such as.
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3 days ago · The recent decision by the United States to upgrade India from Strategic Trade Authorization (STA)-2 to STA-1 category has come as a huge shot .