Florence nightingale and elizabeth garrett anderson

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Florence nightingale and elizabeth garrett anderson

Search above Show all articles 11 little-known things about Elizabeth Garrett Anderson A pioneering physician, political campaigner and suffragette, Elizabeth Garrett Anderson was the first woman to gain a medical qualification in Britain. Amongst her many achievements she was also the co-founder of the first hospital to be staffed by women, the first dean of a British medical school, the first female Florence nightingale and elizabeth garrett anderson of medicine in France and the first female mayor in Britain.

However, female doctors were unheard of in nineteenth-century Britain and her attempts to study at a number of medical schools were denied. Despite these setbacks, Elizabeth doggedly pursued her dream, enrolling as nursing student at Middlesex Hospital and attending classes intended for male students, studying Latin, Greek and materia medica privately, gaining a certificate in anatomy and physiology from the Society of Apothecaries and establishing her own practice and dispensary for women in London.

Not long after graduating from the University of Sorbonne, Elizabeth was elected to the first London School Board and was made one of the visiting physicians of the East London Hospital for Children.

Two years later she gained membership of the British Medical Association BMA and the following year co-founded the London School of Medicine for Women with Sophia Jex-Blake, lecturing at what was the only teaching hospital in Britain to offer courses for women and becoming dean of the school in In November she was elected mayor of Aldeburgh, the first female mayor in England.

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Elizabeth was one of 12 children of a pawnbroker Born on 9 June in Whitechapel, London, Elizabeth Garrett was the second of twelve children of Newson Garrett, a pawnbroker from Suffolk and his wife, Louisa nee Dunnell from London. Working his way up in the world, her father became the manager of larger pawnbrokers and a silversmith, so the family moved to Long Acre, London and three more children were born.

At the age of 29, Newson moved his family back to Aldeburgh, Suffolk where he bought a barley and coal merchants and constructed Snape Maltings, a range of buildings for malting barley. As the business expanded, five more children were born and by Newson was prosperous businessman, able to build Alde House a mansion on a hill behind Aldeburgh.

When Elizabeth was 13 she was sent to a private boarding school in Blackheath, London, which was run by the step aunts of poet Robert Browning. Here she was taught English literature, French, Italian and German as well as deportment, but Elizabeth was dissatisfied with the lack of science and mathematics instruction.

Contrary to practices at the time, Elizabeth and her siblings were allowed the freedom to explore the local area and to encouraged to travel - when Elizabeth finished school in she was sent on a short tour abroad, which ended with a visit to the Great Exhibition in London.

After completing her formal education, Elizabeth spent the next nine years tending to domestic duties, but continued to study Latin and arithmetic and read widely.

Florence nightingale and elizabeth garrett anderson

Henry, the blind MP for Brighton, and Elizabeth became friendly, but Elizabeth rejected his marriage proposal as she believed it may damage her career. Elizabeth was a lifelong friend of the feminist Emily Davies At the age of 18, Elizabeth and her sister visited their school friends, Jane and Anne Crow, in Gateshead, where they met Emily Davies, the early feminist and future co-founder of Girton College, Cambridge.

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Davies became a lifelong friend and confidante, who encouraged Elizabeth to become a career-woman. Her mother, on the other hand, was horrified. Accompanied by her father, Elizabeth visited leading doctors in Harley Street, but was unsuccessful and similarly applied to study in several medical schools, all of which refused to accept a female student.

She therefore spent the first six months as a surgery nurse at Middlesex Hospital and attended lectures that were provided for the male doctors in the apothecary. She also privately obtained her certificate in anatomy and physiology.

Determined to secure a qualifying diploma in order to place her name on the Medical Register and, having been refused entry to medical schools, through a loophole Elizabeth was able to be admitted to pursue the degree of Licentiate of the Society of Apothecaries L.

As soon as Elizabeth was granted her diploma, the Society of Apothecaries immediately revised their charter to require graduation from an accredited medical school—all of which excluded women—as a prerequisite for the L.

Elizabeth was the first British woman to secure an English diploma in medicine, however the honour of being the first female put on the British Medical Register goes to her acquaintance, Elizabeth Blackwell who had a foreign qualification. Elizabeth became involved in a dispute with Josephine Butler After opening her practice, patients were scarce initially, reluctant to consult a female physician.

However, when an outbreak of Cholera threatened, citizens, both rich and poor rushed to her clinic in desperation. In the first year she tended to 3, new patients, who made 9, outpatient visits to the dispensary.

The contention was over the Contagious Diseases Acts, which Butler believed discriminated against women. Elizabeth took the view that the measures provided the only means of protecting innocent women and children.

Elizabeth taught herself French in order to gain her degree Determined to obtain her medical degree, Elizabeth taught herself French so that she could go to university in Paris. She had that the Dean of the faculty of medicine at the University of Sorbonne was more open towards admitting female medical students.

Elizabeth Garrett the Faculty of Medicine, Paris 8. She was also made one of the visiting physicians of the East London Hospital for Children, becoming the first woman in Britain to be appointed to a medical post.

The hospital moved to new premises inthe same year that Elizabeth co-founded the London School of Medicine for Women, the only teaching hospital in Britain at the time to train women, with other pioneering female physicians and feminists, such as Sophia Jex-Blake, Emily Blackwell and Thomas Henry Huxley.

The hospital was later called the Royal Free Hospital of Medicine and became part of what is now the medical school of University College London. In she was elected president of the East Anglian branch.

A portrait of Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, circa However she withdrew from the WSPU in after the militant activity increased, objecting to their arson campaign.Women such as Elizabeth Garrett Anderson and Sophia Jex-Blake were disappointed by Nightingale's lack of support for women's doctors.

Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1836-1917)

Nightingale had doubts at first about the wisdom of this campaign and argued that it was more important to have better trained nurses than women doctors. Jan 14,  · Elizabeth briefly describes Garrett Anderson's journey from medical student to Dean of her own New Hospital for Women.

Elizabeth focuses on the founding and development of . Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Elizabeth Garrett Anderson was a pioneering physician and political campaigner, the first Englishwoman to qualify as a doctor. Elizabeth as a nursing student at Middlesex Hospital and attended classes intended for male doctors, but was barred after complaints from other students.

Florence Nightingale was born on. Project MUSE Mission. Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.

Elizabeth Garrett Anderson was the first female doctor to qualify in England. She opened a school of medicine for women, and paved the way for women’s medical education in Britain.

The History Press | 11 little-known things about Elizabeth Garrett Anderson

She was born in Whitechapel, London, the daughter of a . Florence Nightingale is famous for her work in the military hospitals of the Crimea - Florence Nightingale and Elizabeth Garrett Anderson introduction.

She established nursing as a respectable profession for women.

Elizabeth Garrett Anderson ()